Aadhar is a personal 12-digits identity number for the residents of India. The figures of Indian citizens are collected by UIDAI, the unique authority of identification of INDIA.
UIDAI was created in January 2009 for the purpose of identification services in the Indian Territory under the administration of the Ministry of Electronics and Information technology.
The Aadhar card counts with biometric identification. Its technological advancement is so great that it is currently considered the largest and most sophisticated biometric identification system in the WORLD.
However, the Aadhar card is considered a proof of residence in Indian territory, not a proof of citizenship.
Prior to the enactment of the law of 2009, the UIDAI functioned as an annex to the planning commission, current NITI AAYOG.
The Aadhar is quite discussed and is the result of several decisions in the Supreme Court of India.
One of the most famous decisions that involves the Aadhar, is that the Supreme Court has decided that no one should be harmed by not having the Aadhar, because its issue is optional and not mandatory!
UIDAI is the body responsible for issuing a single identification number of 12 digits (UID), the Aadhar to any Indian citizen, regardless of age, sex or social condition.
The implementation of the UID covers several programs and its main function is to define mechanisms and processes to connect UIDs with databases of other public bodies, as well as the operation and management of all stages of the UID lifecycle; framework of policies and procedures for updating of mechanism and definition of use and applicability of UIDs for the provision of various services, etc.
The number that composes the Aadhar of each citizen is united and Non-transferable.
It is linked to the basic demographic and biometrical information of every individual resident in India.
Photography, ten fingerprints and two iris scans are some of the data that is collected and stored in the UIDAI database.
How Aadhar Works
The first UID-Aadhar was issued in September 2010.
With this, UIDAI has the objective of providing a document containing the Aadhar number for the entire Indian Population.
The document is quite thorough and its security and technology ensure it is virtually impossible to copy or counterfeit.
Since 2010 government of India began to recognize a letter issued by UIDAI containing details of name, address and number of Aadhaar, as official and valid Document.
It is important to note that the Aadhaar is not intended to replace any existing identity card, nor constitutes proof of citizenship.
It is used only as a unifying identification document. Aadhaar does not confer citizenship or guarantee rights, benefits or rights to citizens who live in Indian territory.
The document is a random number that can never start with 0 or 1 and is not loaded with profiles or information that makes it insusceptible to fraud or theft, and therefore provides a measure of privacy in that Direction.
The single ID also qualifies as a valid ID when interconnected with various governmental services in the country, such as:
- LPG connection;
- Subsidized ration;
- PDS kerosene;
- NSAP benefits;
- Receipt of pensions etc.
History of Aadhar
In 1999, the Kargil Review Committee was formed to ascertain the situation of national Security.
Among the various proposals, one of them was that the residents of the villages of the border regions received, as a priority, identity cards.
This proposal was promulgated and after a while, all the people who lived in border states were able to make their cards.
A group of ministers was responsible for the analysis and implementation of the card project after the presentation of the report in May 2001.
In it was accepted the recommendation of the creation of such cards. This caused the National identity card project to be created shortly after.
At the end of the year 2001, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs proposed that the national identity document be Mandatory.
This decision brought up reports that some people obtained Indian passports with different information.
The main factor of this happening was the lack of computerization and technology needed for the process!
How it Was Promulgated
In 2009 the UIDAI was Established. In 2010 the brand and the logo Aadhar were released.
The President of the organ was committed to the protection of the data kept in the UIDAI. In 2010 UIDAI released a list of 220 qualified agencies to participate in the registration process.
This advertisement introduced several private companies in the process of registering the Aadhar.
The goal was to enroll 40% of the Indian population in Aadhar. For this, the need for 31,019 employees and 155 training centres was Predicted.
It has also been estimated that 4,431 inscriptions centres should be formed. In February 2012, UIDAI began to offer an online verification system for Aadhar’s Numbers.
To do this, the query was made from the data crossing of the UIDAI system itself.
Banks, telecommunications companies and government agencies could enter the Aadhar number of each person and check if it was actually resident of India.
At the end of 2012 there was a public-interest litigation against the government in the Supreme Court of India.
The accusers indicated that the Government was implementing the project without any legislative support.
They stated that the national law of Identification of the India Bill of 2010 would still be pending.
In December 2011, the permanent Parliamentary finance Committee rejected the national Identification
Authorization project of the 2010 Law of India and suggested Modifications.
In 2013, the Supreme Court issued a provisional order stating that the Government could not deny a service to anyone who did not possess Aadhaar, since the identity number was not mandatory, but Optional.
By October 2013, about 440 million of Aadhaar numbers had been issued.
India is currently the country with the largest parliamentary democracy in the world.
However, it continues in the process of Development. Its population is predominantly (70%) rural.
Aam Aamin is the primary target for development projects created by the Government.
In this way, the main objective is to promote the social, financial and digital inclusion of the Population.
In 2010, the UIDAI and the RGI (Register of India) jointly launched the Aadhaar project, with the objective of providing 1.3 billion of citizens living in India biometric identity portfolios.
This project is configured as the largest and most technologically advanced worldwide.
He has several purposes, but the main objective is to give the entire Indian population the recognition of the right to Identity.
However, there are other important objectives such as the fight against fraud and access to services in the areas of health, education, housing and social Services.
In addition, this number is used to receive money, as about 45% of the Indian population does not have a bank account or payment cards.
Some technological advances are being introduced in favor of the creation of a platform called the Aadhaar Enabled Payment System that will work with the purpose of conducting financial transactions with the Aadhar card itself.
Aadhar Biometrics Benefits
Although it was still questioned, the Supreme Court of India recently confirmed the legality of the biometric database Aadhaar, which is set up as the largest in the world!
However, the use of the platform by companies was prohibited in the court, on the charge of invasive practice of Indian Citizens.
A few years ago this trial was in order and the decision was awaited with Suspense. But a panel of five Supreme Court justices considered that the database is in accordance with the Constitution of the Country.
The main objection in favor of Aadhar is the assertion that it is necessary to have access to subsidies or social programs of the Government.
However, It is undeniable the technological and innovative way that the program works.
Iris recognition, Biometrics and recently even facial recognition are some of the Aadhar’s computer Processes.
In addition, this procedure ensures that the program is virtually shielded, as with these technologies it is virtually impossible to defraud.
The programme indicated a considerable increase in the quality of life of Indian citizens, especially the Poorest.
With it, it was possible to expand and supply broadband Internet in more remote, rural and border sites that previously found Resistance.
You can check aadhar card whenever you want to. In this way, the indian citizens can check adhar card status when they ask for it.
After this process, the aadhar card verification is made and you can know the status os your card.
However, to get aadhar card and use it, you have to make de uidai download. It is a simple step that you can do on your own mobile.
Many people ask how to get aadhar smart card. However, there is no need to print your Aadhaar Card as Smart Card, there is no as such concept original aadhaar or duplicate aadhaar.
You can just download your Aadhaar Card Copy Online and print it on a normal paper and use it.